For the record, occlusion is the exact required amount of overlap and correctness regarding placement of the upper and lower jaw teeth. The upper teeth should be ideally fitting slightly over the teeth in the lower jaw for ideal dentition. There should not be any overcrowding or crookedness in the teeth in the upper or lower jaws. Malocclusion is when this happens. Malocclusion of the first category type is a normal bite but severe crowding of the teeth. Category two means when there is an overbite or an instance when the teeth in the upper jaw sort of overlap the ones in the lower jaw but far more than they should. Category three is when there is a condition of underbite when the lower jaw teeth overlap the upper jaw. The symptoms of malocclusion are misaligned or irregularly placed teeth. Obviously, you need to straighten these out. Overly crowded teeth, as is obvious, also need correction.

What are braces and retainers?

These are dental devices and aids which help in straightening out irregularly placed teeth. Sometimes children and even adults have such a condition. This can lead to a loss of self-esteem and confidence levels of the given person since they may be made the butt of jokes by even friends and relatives. Thus to restore their smile value back and even to have correct dentition so that they can eat and talk properly, it is necessary to have a corrective treatment done.
What is best about braces and retainers is that with these, the self-confidence and esteem levels of a given person can be restored. However, this treatment is a bit longer since it will take a minimum of up to a year. Also, the person, after wearing braces for about this duration of time also needs to wear retainers for about six months or even more. This is to ensure that the teeth which have been straightened off do not slip back into their previous misaligned positions. Treatment usually begins by plucking out about four teeth, two each from the upper and lower jaws. This is done to create space for straightening out the teeth. Then comes a period of wearing braces. With these, a set of rubber bands to are placed so that the teeth can slowly but surely be moved into the correct positioning patterns. This may cause a bit of discomfort to the patient for two to three days each time the rubber bands are removed and fresh ones put in their place. The entire action of shifting the teeth can be a bit uncomfortable, but it is something which is well worth the time, effort and money which goes into it. Also, wearing retainers too can be a bit cumbersome. However, these can be removed at some point in time during the day or night for a while and need not be worn around the clock, in most events. However, the dentist is the best judge of the situation and his or her instructions should be followed.

For more details contact: Downtown Atlanta Dentistry. Call: (866) 574-9280.