Black lines around the teeth, particularly on the front teeth may be caused by dental plaque from bacteria. Some of these black lines are “craze lines” which run through teeth enamel that have become stained. The kind of bacteria that cause those black lines around your front teeth is different from that which results in other stains. The one that affects your front teeth is known as chromogenic bacteria.  Downtown Atlanta Dentistry offers a variety of cosmetic dentistry services to remove stains professionally.  Plaque Build-up May be the Primary Cause

Plaque build-up brought about by chromogenic bacteria is the result of little or no brushing after meals and/or snacks, improper flossing, improper brushing, no or inadequate flossing, snacking before sleeping or a combination of all mentioned activities. It could also be the primary cause for those black lines. Plaque build-up will not brush off right away or easily, especially if you regularly drink coffee, tea or other beverages with caffeine. These black lines may also be caused by the chlorohexedine ingredient in mouthwashes and iron supplements. Black lines around teeth are categorized as extrinsic or intrinsic stains.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Stains

Extrinsic (meaning external) and intrinsic (meaning internal) stains are treated differently from each other. These black lines may also be the result of the effect of iron in ingested oral solutions such as medication as well as exposure of the teeth to silver and manganese. These are more common in women than in men, associated with low caries (cavities) incidence in children, and have a tendency for recurrence. Black stain lines around the teeth are typically found near the so-called gingival margin between the gums and teeth and appear on either primary or permanent set of teeth. If your front teeth’s black lines have been isolated as the result of dental crown issues, here are options to remedy such black lines:

  • Brushing and flossing at least twice a day.
  • A dental check-up twice a year.
  • Professional teeth cleaning for removal of minor stains on extrinsic teeth.
  • Professional whitening for teeth with strains on intrinsic teeth or very stubborn stains.
  • Porcelain veneers for chipped teeth, teeth with black lines, and stained and crooked teeth.
  • Micro-abrasion for polishing plaque build-up that has become very thick and stains using pumice and hydrochloric acid.
  • Bleaching with ingredients such as Bocasan and sodium tripolyphosphates have been found to be highly effective.

Teeth Whitening Kits

Whitening systems available as over-the-counter or OTC treatments are typically kits which can be taken home. Although cost effective, these kits require daily usage for a few weeks before results become visible. There are also professional whitening kits which are usually done under a dentist’s supervision. Take note that the bleaching solutions included in these kits are stronger in formulation than those in OTC kits as well as in whitening strips.

Laser Dentistry as a Treatment

Another treatment option for your teeth’s black lines would be laser dentistry which is becoming increasingly popular because of its powerful bleaching properties and time-saving feature. Laser dentistry, however, is expensive and is sometimes limited to existing types of certain dental work already existing. Intensive laser dentistry may require using whitening toothpaste for a few weeks and professional whitening kits.

See Your Dentist/Oral Hygienist

The earlier you have the black lines around your front teeth treated, the better to help you decide which treatment to opt for. Your dentist/oral hygienist will be the best person to determine the causes of those black lines and the most suitable treatments for them.   Here at Downtown Atlanta Dentistry, we offer a variety of cosmetic dentistry services. We can help you with any teeth whitening treatments and professional teeth cleaning. Come and schedule your next visit.