Millions of Americans have some type of gum disease without being aware of it. Periodontal disease is caused by a serious, long-time bacterial infection of the gum tissues, which may be brought about by poor dental hygiene, improper nutrition, smoking or chewing tobacco as well as obesity and hormonal imbalance. Certain medications taken for a variety of physical ailments such as cancer or diabetes may also contribute to the bacteria build-up that causes gum disease.

Do You Have Gum Disease?

At the onset, periodontal disease is usually painless. This is why many people are unaware that they suffer from it until it is in its advanced stages. Watch out for bleeding during regular flossing or brushing of your teeth as well as swollen or tender gums. Persistent bad breath, loose teeth and sensitivity to cold or hot temperatures may also be indicators of a bacterial infection.

What Can You Do About It?

Only a dentist can help you treat and reverse gum disease and prevent its continued assault on your mouth. A common treatment for periodontal disease involves the removal of plaque or tartar through teeth scaling. This can be done using hand or ultrasonic devices usually followed by prescribed antimicrobial medicines.

Sometimes laser treatments are used in conjunction with tooth scaling. By employing different wavelengths and power levels, stubborn tartar deposits are effectively removed and bacterial growth is impeded.

Dentists can also resort to pharmacological treatments to arrest the advance of periodontitis. Systemic antibiotics as well as certain chemical substances are delivered to the affected areas to improve periodontal health.

Surgery can also be recommended for better removal of plaque and tartar, to reduce significant gum pockets and to regenerate bone and tissue lost to persistent periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene and regular dental visits are your best defenses against gum disease. Here at Downtown Atlanta Dentistry, we have dedicated, experienced, and caring Atlanta dentists who are committed to looking out for your complete oral health. Our dental professionals can also answer any questions you may have regarding cosmetic dentistry, teeth whitening, invisible braces and porcelain veneers in Atlanta. We can give you back the youthful smile time has taken away and restore your oral health.